What is SVG in html

what is SVG and how can it differetiate image.

SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics, which is an XML-based vector image format used for displaying graphics and images on the web. Unlike bitmap image formats such as JPEG, PNG, and GIF, SVG images are created using geometric shapes, paths, and text rather than pixels.

SVG is extension of files like jpg, jpeg, png ,pdf and so on